La Via Campesina letter in solidarity with Herman Kumara

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Dear Mr. NK Illangakoon, dear Ms. Eva Wanasundara,

A plot to kill or otherwise harm the human rights defender Mr. Wijetunga Appuhamilage Herman Kumara the Secretary General of the World Forum of Fisher People (WFFP) and the head of the National Fisheries Solidarity Movement (NFSM) of Sri Lanka .

The indident took place on the 29th of February 2012 in Chilaw, Sri Lanka . An unidentified group of people was involved.

I am writing to express my serious concern over the case of Mr. Wijetunga Appuhamilage Herman Kumara of Sandalankawa, Irabadagama In Kurunegalle District. The SecretaryGeneral of the World Forum of Fisher People (WFFP) and head of the National Fisheries Solidarity Movement (NFSM) of Sri Lanka, a widely known human rights organization, is facing a potential threat to his life as he fears an imminent abduction. Mr. Kumara has helped organize protests by local fisherman who demonstrated in response to the government’s fuel increases, and he received death threats for this work.

The NFSM has filed an official request to the Sri Lankan authorities to assure Mr. Kumara’s safety but they have not responded to his request; the officers of the Pannala Police Station have yet to take any steps to investigate the complaint. The complaint made on this regard to the Pannala Police Station and it was recorded with reference as, CIB(1)/241/490, by the wife of the Herman Kumara, Ms. Shrini Kumuduni Pradeepika Adihettie.

Herman Kumara was one of the founding members of the Platform for Freedom in Sri Lanka. He collaborated with more than 160 civil society organizations and trade unions across the country to create an organization which would respond to the needs of the people. The Platform for Freedom gave voice to those who wanted to express disagreement against oppressive government policies. Mr. Kumara is also on the Board of Directors for the Women for Development Alternatives of Sri Lanka (SASTHRI) and participates in the development of a number of other civil society organizations in Sri Lanka. He is a well-respected human rights defender, activist and civil society moderator who has been operating in these spheres of Sri Lankan society for over 30 years. During this time, he has made a number of significant contributions to international human rights campaigns and the overall wellbeing of Sri Lanka.

Mr. Kumara arrived in Sri Lanka several days ago following an international conference in Rome, Italy. Shortly after his arrival, he noticed that he was being followed by a group of people in a van with the registration 301-2865. The suspicious behavior of the group of people led him to believe that he was in danger of being abducted. He is currently in hiding. He suspects that they were looking to abduct him as he said “if I had actually done anything wrong, I would have been arrested at the airport.” He added that if he had committed a legal offence, he was ready and willing to face legal action. Shortly after he entered into hiding, members of the group in the van visited his hometown and asked where Mr. Kumara and his family resided.

In February 2012, the Sri Lankan government increased fuel prices; a decision which caused public protest. Soon after, electricity prices were increased by 40% and public transportation fees by 20%. This led to violent protests across Sri Lanka. In one protest, a fisherman was killed by police officers in a town on the west coast. There were protests and road blockades in the western fishing town of Chilaw where large boats depend on the fuel whose price has dramatically increased.

Shortly after the protests, two senior government ministers, Rajitha Senarathna, Cabinet Minister of Fisheries & Aquatic Resources Development, and Wimal Weerawansa, Cabinet Minister of Construction, Engineering Services, Housing and Common Amenities, critiqued Mr. Kumara and the work of the organizations he is involved with in Parliament and on state-sponsored media outlets. They accused civil society organizations (presumably the NFFSM) for mobilizing and organizing the general public in protest.

Mr. Herman has emphasized that he will continue his work as a human rights defender and civil society activist. He calls on the government of Sri Lanka to uphold his rights enshrined in theConstitution and immediately ensure his protection.

I request your urgent intervention to ensure that the authorities listed below instigate an immediate investigation into the allegations of imminent threat to life and abduction by the group of unknown people, and the prosecution of those proven to be responsible under the criminal law of the country.

Yours sincerely,

Henry Saragih
General Coordinator, La Via Campesina

Name of the victim: Mr. Wijetunga Appuhamilage Herman Kumara the Secretary General of the World Forum of Fisher People (WFFP) and the head of the National Fisheries Solidarity Movement (NFSM) of Sri Lanka

Alleged perpetrator: Unidentified group of people

Date of incident: 29 February 2012

Place of incident: Chilaw, Sri Lanka


1. Mr. N K Illangakoon

Inspector General of Police

New Secretariat

Colombo 1


Fax: +94 11 2 440440 / 327877



2. Ms. Eva Wanasundara

Attorney General

Attorney General’s Department

Colombo 12


Fax: +94 11 2 436421



3. Secretary

National Police Commission

3rd Floor, Rotunda Towers

109 Galle Road

Colombo 03


Tel: +94 11 2 395310

Fax: +94 11 2 395867

E-mail: or


4. Secretary

Sri Lanka Human Rights Commission

No. 108

Barnes Place

Colombo 07


Tel: +9411 2694925, +9411 2685980, +9411 2685981

Fax: +9411 2694924 (General) +94112696470 (Chairman)