- Published on Wednesday, 12 November 2008 22:02
- Published on Wednesday, 04 July 2007 02:36
Managua, Nicaragua, June 29th, 2007 – On invitation of the peasant organisations of the Agrarian Desk (Mesa Agropecuaria Forestal – MAF), member of the Via Campesina and the Human Rights Organisation of Nicaragua (CENIDH-Centro Nicaragüense de Derechos Humanos), The International Research Mission visited Nicaragua from June 22 until June 29 in order to verify the denounced human rights violations regarding peasant and indigenous communities. The Mission integrated delegates from Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala, Germany and Nicaragua, all members of FIAN International and La Via Campesina. The Mission has been carried out in the context of the “Global Campaign for Agrarian Reform” which Via Campesina and FIAN have been promoting since 1999.
The general objective of the Mission has been to support the national endeavours regarding the Right to Food and the Agrarian Reform in Nicaragua by verifying concrete cases in the Departments of Matagalpa, Chinandega, Managua and the Atlantic Coast, in which the economic, social and cultural rights, particularly the Right to Food and the Right to Land of the peasant and indigenous communities, have been threatened or violated. The International Mission held meetings with the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAGFOR), with the General Prosecutor of the Republic, the Intendancy for Property, the National Commission for Peace, Reconciliation and Justice, FAO, the Municipal Mayor of Tipitapa and Waspam, the organisations of producers FENACOOP, UNAPA, ATC, ARNIC, CNOR and different organisations of the Civil Society like INGES, GISSAN, the Civil Coordination and SIMAS.
- Published on Saturday, 30 June 2007 04:04
We recognise the significant improvement in this EU conference in terms of civil society participation: from having only one representative of the farmers’ organisations during the first conference in 2002 to the relatively significant number at the current conference. We thank the EU, the conference organisers and the European NGOs, which facilitated this process. However, the framework set by the Forum and the choice of presenters and discussion leaders leaves a feeling that it is still a long way to go to have a debate with mutual respect and full equal footing among civil society organizations, social movements and institutional representatives.
- Published on Saturday, 30 June 2007 03:58
I.The rediscovery of rural development – is it an opportunity or a cause for alarm?
1.Civil society groups have been demanding for decades that rural development receives new emphasis in national and international development policies. More than 75 percent of the hungry and malnourished live in rural areas. Half of them are marginalized smallholder farmers and more than two thirds are women. They are hardly able to survive under the present circumstances. National agricultural policies both in the North and in the South are marginalising them without directing any meaningful support to their needs. They have been forgotten in international agricultural policies – not only have their local markets been traded away, but corporately controlled input and output groups are now dominating and controlling their markets. These policies force food producers either to be competitive in the face of subsidised imports or quit. How can rural development policy be called “pro-poor”, if the poor are glossed over and policies that are biased against their own development are put in place? They are confronted with an international development agenda that is strongly biased toward the privatisation of natural resources and basic services as a guarantee for the so-called efficient use of such resources. These national and international trends are threatening the economic and cultural survival of many rural producers.