Agrarian Reform, Village Reform and Ecological Justice: Indonesia Way for Social Justice

Joint Secretariat of the Indonesian Movement for Recovering People’s Rights

Jakarta, 12-01-2012

We of the " Joint Secretariat of the Indonesian Movement for Recovering People’s Rights", an alliance of Farmers, Workers, Indigenous People, Women, Youth, Students, Village Governance, and NGOs.

Today, Thursday, January 12, 2012 to act in unison in Jakarta and 27 provinces in Sumatera, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Bali and Nusa Tenggara.

Today, we declare resistance and pledge our alliance against land grabbing facilitated by the SBY-Boediono regime throughout Indonesia.

We view that the agraria (land, water, and natural resources) main problem in Indonesia is the concentration of ownership, control and exploitation of agrarian resources including land, forest, mining and water in the hands of a few people and large corporations, in the middle of millions of small holder farmers and landless people. Ironically, in the midst of that inequality, expropriation of people’s land is still happening.

Expropriation occurred because of the malign conspiracy between the government, house of representatives and corporations. They use their power to pass the Laws such as: Law No.25/2007 on Investment, Law No.41/1999 on Forestry, Law 18/2004 on Plantation, Law No.7/2004 on Water Resources, Law No. 27/2007 on Management of Coastal Areas and Small Islands, Law No. 4 /2009 on Mining, and the recent enactment of Law on Land Acquisition. The overall legislation has legalized the expropriation of people's rights over land, forest, mining, fishing areas, indigenous and villages area and territory, all for the mere benefit of investors.

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Land Grabbing: Indonesia is moving for people's rights

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(Jakarta, 12 January 2012) A large rally demanding agrarian reform and people’s rights shook Jakarta and 27 other provinces all across Indonesia on January 12. At least 7 thousands of people marched from the Supreme Court to the Presidential Palace and ended up at the House of Representatives.

47 organisations joined in what they called the “Joint Secretariat of the Indonesian Movement for Recovering People’s Rights’. They declared resistance and denounced land grabbing facilitated by the SBY-Boediono regime throughout Indonesia.

This huge coalition, led by Serikat Petani Indonesia, various other peasant movements, fisher folks, workers, indigenous people, women, youth, students, village governance groups and NGOs, rattled the street in a fight against recent land grabbing cases in Mesuji and Sape. Both cases involved casualties among the populations perpetrated by corporations and the police.

The current cases in Mesuji and Bima that became public late 2011, show that the police did not hesitate to kill people who resist land grabbing. The National Police has clearly and openly become a mercenary force for plantation, mining, and forestry companies.

The concrete proposals from the protesters were to immediately implement Agrarian Reform and Village Reform for Ecological Justice.

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Launch of international alliance against land grabbing

La Via Campesina CNOP press release

(Sélingué, Mali, 19 November 2011)– More than 250 farmers, from 30 countries, launched an international alliance against land grabbing on November 19 in Sélingué, Mali. This alliance will be led by peasants, in collaboration with a wide range of social movements and organizations. The announcement was made at the close of the international conference “Stop the land grab”, organized by the national confederation of peasant organizations (CNOP) in Mali, and by La Via Campesina, the international peasant movement.

Land grabbing is a worldwide phenomenon of unprecedented size and speed. In Mali, over the last few years, the government has leased more than 800 000 hectares of arable land to investors, on 30-year, renewable contracts. It is estimated that in the whole of Africa, more than 30 million hectares have been sold or rented. The figure is 60 to 80 million hectares for the whole world, but, given the secret, sometimes illegal, nature of the contracts, this figure is only the visible tip of the iceberg. These lands have already been transferred to national elites, multinationals and financial funds, who try to make a profit or speculate using industrial agriculture projects, mining, agrofuel production, carbon markets, tourism, large dams, etc.

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Ndiakhate Fall: “Land is everything for us”

From the Nyéléni Village - Selingué – Mali – 17 November 2011

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Interview with Ndiakhate Fall, from the region of Thies, Ville de Mecklie, member of the CMCR (Conseil National de Concertation et de Cooperation des Ruraux) that is the platform of peasants’ organisations in Senegal, member of Via Campesina.

I am a farmer. I grow mainly peanuts, and other vegetables for consumption, as well keeping sheep and cows. My country Senegal has already promised to give away 500.000 hectares of land for growing agrofuels or food for export. Senegal has many examples of land-grabbing, and most of them are linked to a number of specific phenomena.

First of all the extension of cities. In all big cities nowadays there are real estate companies that want land to build houses or to sell it to private investors. Secondly, there are land grabs by mining industries; many companies come and settle in Senegal - for example, an Austrian company, that mines zircon, has grabbed a lot of land and robbed many farmers.

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